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GTS Oil Change
*Additional video tutorial links appear at the bottom of this thread*
Overview
This is a technique for changing oil contributed by MV user Michael Moore. Because of the oil filter / drain bolt placement on most Piaggio engines, draining the oil with the scooter on the center stand inevitably results in the center stand being covered with oil. Usually everything around the bike ends up covered in oil as well, since there's no good place to put a catch pan with the center stand down.

This approach relies on keeping the scooter off the center stand, suspended from above. As you'll see from the pictures, the bike doesn't have to be off the ground, just supported so that it won't fall over. This allows proper placement of a catch pan and a cleaner oil change. Not everyone will be in a position to rely on this technique, so fortunately there are other approaches. However, if you have overhead rafters or floor joists in your workshop area, give this technique a try.

The subject of this particular article is a GTS. However, the principles involved apply equally well to just about any Piaggio scooter.
Support
First off, you need to support the bike in some other way than the centerstand. I had a couple of screw eyes already set into a beam from a prior project, so I used some tiedowns and a canyon dancer harness to support the bike. A wheel chock would surely be simpler, but this is what I had. If your scoot has a sidestand you can use that, or you could even enlist a friend to hold the bike vertical. If you use a sidestand you might want to make sure it doesn't self-retract while you're working. It would also be good to have someone hold the bike vertical during the oil draining to make sure it all gets drained off.
Tools
For tools, I had an oil filter wrench (the old one was on WAY tight), a 'breaker bar' and a torque wrench. You'll also need a 24mm socket, and if you don't remove the exhaust you might need an extension. (It is a little tight in there.)
Procedure
The first step was loosening the oil filter with the bike cold. This way you can get some grip without worrying about burning yourself on the exhaust. You're not taking it off, just getting it so you can easily remove it when the bike's hot. I did the same thing with the drain plug.

Then I put the drain pan underneath and ran the GTS for a few minutes to warm it up. This makes the oil flow out more easily.

Shut off the bike, unscrew the dipstick and then unscrew the drain plug. You may want to use rubber gloves to prevent burns from the exhaust or contact with hot oil. Pull out the oil screen and check for metal shavings (bad) or other gunk in there. It should be clean.

Once most of the oil has drained out the drainplug, unscrew the oil filter and get the remaining oil out. Once the oil has drained out, smear a bit of oil on the rubber gasket of the new oil filter and screw the new filter back on. Hand-tight is fine (spec is 4-6 Nm or Newton-meters, which is not all that tight).

Replace the oil screen and screw the oil drain plug back on. Torque to 24-30 Nm.

Now slowly fill the bike with new oil - don't overfill. Run it for a couple of minutes and check for leaks. Let the bike cool 10 min. and recheck the oil level; adjust if necessary.

And that's pretty much it.


Here are the tools (from top):
Sockets, torque wrench, breaker bar, oil filter wrench.



Here's how I kept the GTS upright without using the centerstand. I already had the canyon dancer harness and the tiedowns. A wheel chock would surely be simpler, but I didn't have one of those.



Using the oil filter wrench to loosen the filter when the bike is cold. (Note it wouldn't fit the 'right' way.)



Here's the drain plug.



Position the drain pan underneath. You can see the centerstand would interfere with the position if it were down.



Here's the oil screen removed from the drain plug hole. This needs to have any large/visible particles cleaned out. Mine was clean, so nothing was really needed.



Here's what it looks like with the drain plug out and the oil filter off.



Here's the old oil drained into the pan



Smear a bit of oil on the rubber gasket of the new filter before you install it.



Original post contributed by Michael Moore


Links to Motorsport's DIY Oil Change Video tutorials featuring Robot:

Vespa Oil Change GT/GTS, ET, LX PART 1 of 2
Vespa Oil Change GT/GTS, ET, LX PART 2 of 2
Last Updated Tue May 15, 2018 10:35 am
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